Today in History

1838In London, Queen Victoria was crowned in Westminster Abbey, a year after ascending the throne. She became the first sovereign to take up residence at Buckingham Palace. Her reign lasted 64 years.
1894The U.S. Congress passed legislation making Labor Day a U.S. national holiday.
1902The U.S. Congress passed the Spooner bill authorizing a canal to be built across Panama.
1914Serb nationalists in what is now known as Sarajevo, Bosnia, assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife. World War I began.
1919Future U.S. President Harry Truman married Elizabeth 'Bess' Wallace. They had a daughter and remained together until his death in 1972. Bess died in 1982.
1919Exactly five years after it began, World War I ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. The treaty also established the League of Nations.
1938By act of the U.S. Congress, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) was created to insure construction loans.
1940Originally intended as a summer replacement series for pianist Alec Templeton, 'Quiz Kids' hosted by Joe Kelly, began its 13-year run on NBC Radio.
1947The forerunner of TV's 'Candid Camera,' 'Candid Microphone' began its 15-month run on ABC Radio. It returned to the air on CBS Radio for three months in 1950.
1962At the Atlantic Studios in New York City, the Drifters recorded 'Up On The Roof.'
1965Dick Clark's weekday afternoon rock 'n' roll show, 'Where the Action Is' premiered on ABC-TV. Jan & Dean, Dee Dee Sharp and Linda Scott performed their hits on the initial broadcast, but newcomers Paul Revere and The Raiders stole the show with their stage antics and Revolutionary War costumes.
1965Early Bird (Intelsat II), the first commercial communications satellite, began service.
1965The Beach Boys released their ninth studio album, 'Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!).'
1967At Bell Sound Studios in New York City, Spanky And Our Gang recorded 'Lazy Day.'
1968Aretha Franklin was pictured on the cover of TIME magazine with a banner reading 'The Sound of Soul.'
1968U.S. military analyst Daniel Ellsberg was indicted for leaking the Pentagon Papers, a top-secret Pentagon study of U.S. government decision-making about the Vietnam War, to The New York Times and other newspapers. All charges against Ellsberg were dismissed in May 1973.
1970The Kinks released the single 'Lola' in North America.
1971The draft evasion conviction of boxer Muhammad Ali was overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court, by a vote of 8-0.
1973In New York City, one of the first British Invasion revival concerts was held at Madison Square Garden. The show featured Wayne Fontana & the Mindbenders, Gerry and the Pacemakers, the Searchers, and Herman's Hermits. The last time any of them were on the U.S. record charts was in early 1968.
1974Paul McCartney & Wings released the single 'Band on the Run.'
1974Actor (Gomer Pyle U.S.M.C., The Edge of Night, Town Without Pity, Marty, The Goldbergs, Four Boys and a Gun, The Satan Bug) Frank Sutton died after a heart attack at age 50.
1974Elton John released the album 'Caribou,' recorded at James William Guercio's Caribou Ranch Studios in Colorado.
1975Writer/screenwriter (Planet of the Apes, Requiem for a Heavyweight, Seven Days in May, Assault on a Queen)/TV host (The Twilight Zone, Night Gallery) Rod Serling died of surgical complications at age 50.
1976The first women ? 157 in all, part of the Class of 1980 ? entered the U.S. Air Force Academy, located just north of Colorado Springs, Colorado.
1982Britain's Prince Charles and Lady Diana named their first son, born a week earlier, William.
1996Ending a 153-year-old men-only policy, the Citadel voted to admit women to the South Carolina military school.
1996'The Nutty Professor' starring Eddie Murphy, Jada Pinkett Smith, and James Coburn, opened in theaters.
1997George Harrison secretly underwent surgery to have a lump removed from his neck. Analysis of the lump showed the former Beatle had throat cancer. He was successfully treated with radiation therapy.
1997The Pink Floyd album 'Dark Side of the Moon' spent its 1056th week on the Billboard album chart. Legend has it that if the album is played while watching 'The Wizard of Oz,' and started exactly when the MGM lion roars the third time during the movie's introduction, connections can be made between the two.
2000The U.S. Supreme Court declared that a Nebraska law outlawing 'partial birth abortions' was unconstitutional. At the time of the court's ruling, about 30 U.S. states had similar laws.
2007The American bald eagle was removed from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in the Lower 48 U.S. States.
2012Actress Katie Holmes filed for divorce from actor Tom Cruise after six years of marriage and one daughter. The final decree was issued on August 20, 2012.
2016Guitarist (That's All Right, Heartbreak Hotel, Don't Be Cruel, Hound Dog, Jailhouse Rock, Too Much, Teddy Bear, All Shook Up, I Want You I Need You I Love You, Wear My Ring Around Your Neck, Blue Christmas, One Night, Hard Headed Woman)/Rock and Roll Hall of Famer Scotty Moore, a member of Elvis Presley's original backup band, died at the age of 84.